They encounter each other again at a wedding in her hometown of Constance and soon marry. The media, communists, anarchists and even her own family members all take advantage of Mother Küsters's tragedy to advance their own agendas. [2] He was born three weeks after US Army occupied the town and the unconditional surrender of Germany. rainer werner fassbinder allociné. Working with a regular ensemble of actors and technicians, he was able to complete films ahead of schedule and often under budget and thus compete successfully for government subsidies. The story of Hermann's descent into madness is juxtaposed against the rise of National Socialism in the Germany of the 1930s. As a result, a number of her relatives came to live with them in Munich. Genres. Jailbait [de] (Wildwechsel, 1973), also known as Wild Game Crossing, is a bleak story of teenage angst, set in industrial northern Germany during the 1950s. Coupled with the controversial issues of his films — terrorism, state violence, racism, sexual politics — it seemed that everything Fassbinder did provoked or offended someone. [6] In order to support herself and her child, Pempeit took in boarders and found employment as a German to English translator. Irm Hermann idolized him, but Fassbinder tormented and tortured her for over a decade. [40][47][48], The tensions and bitterness that had surrounded the making of Whity led Fassbinder to dismantle the collective project of the Anti-Theater as a production company. The plot follows the downfall of Xaver Bolwieser, a railway stationmaster submitted to the will of his domineering and unfaithful wife, whose repeated infidelities completely ruin Bolwieser's life. [17] The troupe lived and performed together. [20][99] Although they were reported as drifting apart in his last year,[100] an accusation Lorenz has denied,[101] they were still living together at the time of his death. [20] He was often seen in gay bars in New York, earning him cult hero status, but also a controversial reputation in and out of his films. While he normally took between nine and 20 days to make a film, this time it required 58 shooting days, dragged out over two years. [41], Based on an idea by Volker Schlondorff, Rio das Mortes was shot in January 1970 following Why Does Herr R. Run Amok?,[36] but was broadcast on television a year later in February 1971. [11], In 1963, aged eighteen, Fassbinder returned to Munich with plans to attend night school with the idea to eventually study drama. Following his mother's advice, he took acting lessons and from 1964 to 1966 attended the Fridl-Leonhard Studio for actors in Munich. Although praised by many critics, they proved too demanding and inaccessible for a mass audience. Fassbinder, Rainer Werner. [87][91] Over the next three years, Salem appeared in several Fassbinder productions. Like a Bird on a Wire (Wie ein Vogel auf dem Draht) is a forty-minute television production featuring Brigitte Mira, the main actress in Fear eats the Soul, singing cabaret songs and love ballads from the 1940s and 1950s. [102], Media scandals and controversies ensured that in Germany itself Fassbinder was permanently in the news, making calculatedly provocative remarks in interviews. [112] The notes for Rosa L were found next to his body. [21], Starting at the age of 21, Fassbinder made forty-four films and television dramas in fifteen years, along with directing fifteen plays for the theatre. A whimsical comedy, Rio das Mortes follows two young men without prospects who try to raise money in order to realize their dream of finding a buried treasure in Peru using a map of the Rio das Mortes. [104] His television series Eight Hours Don't Make a Day was cut from eight to five episodes after pressure from conservatives. Steve Cohn, Other Works His socially and politically conscious films often explore themes of oppression and despair. Renseignez-vous sur les programmes 3 semaines en avance. Made for German television, Fear of Fear [de] (Angst vor der Angst) is a physiological drama about a middle-class housewife, locked into a dull life with a distracted husband, two small children, and openly hostile in-laws. Fassbinder reflects on the various stages of his career, discusses how his motives behind filmmaking evolved up to this point. View agent, publicist, legal and company contact details on IMDbPro. [92] Salem eventually made his way to France where he was arrested and imprisoned. At home, he was better known for his television work and for his open homosexuality. Nevertheless, the two were jointly given a directorial award for the project in the 1971 German Film prize competition, and Why Does Herr R. Run Amok? [81] Fassbinder usually cast her in unglamorous roles, most notably as the unfaithful wife in The Merchant of Four Seasons and the silent abused assistant in The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant. During the week of Fassbinder's birthday (31 May), Meier deliberately consumed four bottles of sleeping pills and alcohol in the kitchen of the apartment he and Fassbinder had previously shared. Both men are betrayed by Franz's jilted lover Joanna who tips off the police. [108] Early that evening, Fassbinder retired to his bedroom. The plot focuses on the title character, a spinster librarian. His body was found a week later. [11] During this period, he also wrote the tragic-comic play: Drops on Hot Stones. He hatches an elaborate plot to take a new identity in the belief it will free him of all his worries. After two months he became the company's leader. Fassbinder's rapid working methods had begun by this stage. The character of Franz (from Fassbinder's first film, but now played by Harry Baer) is released from prison, but falls back with the wrong crowd. [72] As he did with In a Year of Thirteen Moons, Fassbinder worked again as the film's cameraman. Their romance faces the opposition of the girl's conservative parents. Raab was also set designer of Fassbinder's films until their friendship and professional relationship broke up after making this film.[65]. [62] The film is very critical of the era's politics and media, as the people to whom Emma Küsters turns all exploit her and her experience. The play is about an unscrupulous and very greedy Jewish businessman in Frankfurt who ruthlessly uses German guilt over the Holocaust to make himself rich. A glimpse into their troubled relationship can be seen in Fassbinder's episode for Germany in Autumn (1978). A compromise did not satisfy any of the parties, and midway through the project Fassbinder lost interest in it. Meier was a near-illiterate former butcher who had spent his early years in an orphanage. Fassbinder died from an overdose of cocaine[111] and barbiturates. The girlfriend of one of them finds the notion stupid and wants to put a stop to it, but eventually the two friends find a patroness to finance their adventure. Despair is based upon the 1936 novel of the same name by Vladimir Nabokov, adapted by Tom Stoppard and featuring Dirk Bogarde. This versatility surfaced in his films too where, in addition to some of the aforementioned responsibilities, Fassbinder served as composer, production designer, cinematographer, producer and editor. [12] During this time, he made his first 8mm films and worked as assistant director, sound man, or in small acting roles. [76], Theater In Trance is a documentary which Fassbinder shot in Cologne in June 1981 at the "Theaters of the World" Festival. [4] Fassbinder's mother came from the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland), whence many Germans had fled following World War II. [39] His approach was to compare the political and sexual turmoil of feudal Germany with that of the contraculture movement and the protests of 1968. Fengler and the cast then improvised the dialogue. The factory is close to bankruptcy, and his vulgar wife is chronically unfaithful. The film, however, already displays the themes that were to remain present through the director's subsequent work: loneliness, the longing for companionship and love, and the fear and reality of betrayal. 31. janvier 2014 10. novembre 2014. [So boundless was his energy, in fact, that he appeared in 30 projects of other directors.] Known for his trademark leather jacket and grungy appearance, Fassbinder cruised the bar scene by night, looking for sex and drugs, yet he maintained a flawless work ethic by day. He falls deep into the cover up behind a computer capable of creating an artificial world with units living as human beings unaware that their world is just a computer projection. [47] Pioneers in Ingolstadt, although broadcast before the theatrical release of Beware of a Holy Whore, was the last film made by Fassbinder during his formative period. [104] The playwright Franz Xaver Kroetz sued over Fassbinder's adaptation of his play Jail Bait, alleging that it was obscene. New York: The H.W. Fassbinder portrays the slow meltdown of these relationships as inevitable, and his actresses (there are no men in the film) move in a slow, trance-like way that hints at a vast world of longing beneath the beautiful, brittle surface. |  It's a permanent theme. The Merchant of Four Seasons uses melodrama as a style to create critical studies of contemporary German life for a general audience. Fassbinder was born in the small town of Bad Wörishofen on 31 May 1945. Rainer Werner Fassbinder; DVD; Produits dérivés; Revue de presse; Liens; news. He was working on notes for a future film, Rosa L, based on the life of Polish-German revolutionary socialist Rosa Luxemburg. The love triangle of Franz, Reinhold and Mieze is staged against the rising tide of Nazism in Germany. Germany in Autumn (Deutschland im Herbst) is an omnibus film, a collective work of eight German filmmakers including Fassbinder, Alf Brustellin, Volker Schlöndorff, Bernhard Sinkel and Alexander Kluge, the main organizer behind the project. But I hope in the end it will be a house."[24]. Shot in black and white, they were financed by Fassbinder's lover, Christoph Roser, an aspiring actor, in exchange for leading roles. [104] Conservatives attacked him for his association with the radical left. - ℹ - Biographie : Réalisateur, producteur, scénariste, dramaturge et acteur allemand (1945-1982) célèbre pour ses pièces et … Set in the closed, repressive Prussian society of the Bismarck era, the film paints a portrait of a woman's fate completely linked to an unbending and utterly unforgiving code of social behavior. [citation needed], Fassbinder took on the Nazi period with Lili Marleen, an international co production, shot in English and with a large budget. ????? Though not allowed to enter the room uninvited, she went in, and discovered his lifeless body with a cigarette still between his lips. Additionally, he learned how to handle all phases of production, from writing and acting to direction and theater management. The film was made for television and shot during a pause while making Satan's Brew. [4][4][6] When he was three months old, he was left with a paternal uncle and aunt in the country, since his parents feared he would not survive the winter with them. Among her numerous other achievements, Juliane Lorenz compiled Chaos as Usual, a fascinating book about Rainer Werner Fassbinder in the form of interviews with many of his collaborators. Fassbinder did not clarify the time frame of the action, mixing medieval elements (including some costumes, settings, speech and music) with those from other time periods, like the Russian Revolution, the Rococo period, postwar Germany and the Third World. ????? I'm against caricatures, I'm against parodies;if you say that this scene has the effect of a parody, then I have to take your word for it, but then I'm ashamed of myself and I apologize. She becomes addicted to valium and alcohol overwhelmed by an irrational anxiety and fear of her inexorable descent into madness. In April 1968 he directed the premiere production of his play Katzelmacher, which tells the story of a foreign worker from Greece who becomes the object of intense racial, sexual, and political hatred among a group of Bavarian slackers. Six years later, Effi's husband discovers her affair with tragic consequences. Biography in: John Wakeman, editor. The actions of the ineffectual cell of underground terrorists are overlaid with a soundtrack filled with newscast, voiceovers, music and gibberish. As he was often left alone, he became used to the independence and thus, became a juvenile delinquent. She can be seen in a small role as the film producer's secretary in Veronika Voss. In 1974 Fassbinder took directorial control over the Theater am Turm (TAT) of Frankfurt; when this project ended in failure and controversy, Fassbinder became less interested in theater. rainer werner fassbinder qagoma. On top of this, he occasionally performed many other roles such as cinematographer and producer on a small number of them. His best friend, Reinhold, makes him lose an arm and murders Franz' prostitute girlfriend, Mieze. Franz is killed, and the film ends at his laconic funeral. Rainer Werner Fassbinder by Laurence Kardish, Juliane Lorenz, Harry Baer, Georgia Brown, Thomas Elsaesser, Jeanne Moreau, Volker Schl ndorff, Wolfram Schutte, Hanna Schygulla, Glenn Lowry, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Wim Wenders Whity tries to carry out all their orders, however demeaning until several of the family members ask him to kill some of the others. The aftermath of World War II deeply marked his childhood and the lives of his family. All titles written and directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder unless stated otherwise. The Making of 'Berlin Alexanderplatz' Hans-Dieter Hartl, 1979. Fassbinder finally ended the relationship in 1974, due to Salem's chronic alcoholism and tendency to become violent when he drank. [25] For his exhibition at MoMA, Klaus Biesenbach received the International Association of Art Critics (AICA) award. [75] The film is constructed as a big, tear-jerking Hollywood melodrama in its depiction of the unfulfilled love story between a German variety singer separated by the war from a Swiss Jewish composer. He had a similar difficult relationship with the much older journalist Wolff Eder (c.1905–71), who became his stepfather in 1959. At the age of 15, Fassbinder defiantly declared his homosexuality, soon after which he left school and took a job. For us it certainly wasn't entirely successful. After spinning out ten films in not much more than a year (this film was shot only a few months after Whity) in a frenzied burst of creativity, his anti-film anti-theater drive seemed to conclude. [45] The film suffered as a consequence, and it ranks among Fassbinder's weakest films. He rarely kept his professional and personal life separate, and was known to cast family, friends and lovers in his films. [45] It follows two young women whose lives are transformed when army engineers (the pioneers of the title) arrive to their town to build a bridge. This allowed him to compete successfully for the government grants needed to continue making films. Qui est Rainer Werner Fassbinder ? [44], Pioneers in Ingolstadt (Pioniere in Ingolstadt) was adapted from an eponymous play by Marieluise Fleißer written in 1927. Official Sites, Frequently deals with post-war German identy. In one sequence, Elvira wanders through the slaughterhouse where she worked as Erwin, recounting her history amid the meat-hooked corpses of cattle whose slit throats rain blood onto the floor. Retrouvez infos & avis sur une large sélection de DVD & Blu-ray neufs ou d'occasion. "[69], With The Marriage of Maria Braun (Die Ehe der Maria Braun), his greatest success, Fassbinder finally attained the popular acceptance he sought with German audiences. rainer werner fassbinder 1945 1982 find a grave memorial. Rainer Werner Fassbinder Wikipédia rainer fassbinder net ????? Maria's dream of a happy life with her husband remains unfulfilled. Despite the reporter's best attempts, he is unable to save her from a terrible end.[79]. [38] Fassbinder's intention was to show how and why revolutions fail. He teams up with his best friend, a black Bavarian criminal who killed his brother, to raid a supermarket. The film stars Kurt Raab, Fassbinder's close friend whom the director usually cast as a pathetic man. His films were a fixture in art houses of the time after he became internationally known with Ali: Fear Eats the Soul. When their relationship becomes known, they experience various forms of hostility and public rejection. Amazon.fr - Achetez Whity à petit prix. In retrospect, however, it seems that the added fame simply enabled Fassbinder to explore various kinds of filmmaking, including such "private" works as In a Year with 13 Moons (1978) and The Third Generation (1979), two films about individual experience and feelings. Fassbinder won the Golden Bear at the 32nd Berlin International Film Festival for Veronika Voss. Amok?). Fassbinder was attracted to these films not only because of their entertainment value, but also for their depiction of various kinds of repression and exploitation. Fassbinder made her a star, but artistic differences while making Effi Briest created a split that lasted for some years, until Fassbinder called her back to take the role of Maria Braun. It is best said that he drew forth strong emotional reactions from all he encountered, both in his personal and professional lives, and this provocative nature can be experienced posthumously through reviewing his artistic legacy.Fassbinder was born into a bourgeois Bavarian family in 1945. Submit Corrections. has always been considered among Fassbinder's films. This avant-garde film, commissioned by the WDR television network, was shot in May 1970 and it was broadcast in October the same year. His mother largely ignored him as well, spending the majority of her time with her husband working on his career. Fassbinder's work as a filmmaker was honored in the 2007 exhibition Fassbinder: Berlin Alexanderplatz, which was organized by Klaus Biesenbach at the Museum of Contemporary Art together with Kunst-Werke Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin. As an actor in his own films, he frequently appeared uncredited. He hanged himself while in custody in 1977. Shot in black and white with a shoestring budget in April 1969, Fassbinder's first feature-length film, Love Is Colder Than Death (1969) (Liebe ist kälter als der Tod), was a deconstruction of the American gangster films of the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. Synopsis . [8] Early in his adolescence, Fassbinder came out as homosexual. His characters yearn for love, but seem condemned to exert an often violent control over those around them. Fassbinder proposed to her and offered to adopt the child; she turned him down. The influence of Döblin's novel can be seen in many of Fassbinder's films most of whose protagonists are named Franz, some with the surname Biberkopf like the naïve working class lottery winner in Fox and His Friends, who is played by Fassbinder.